Different Types Of Medical Gowns

different types of medical gowns 
December 13, 2021

Healthcare workers battling contagions head-to-head cannot emerge victorious with only a crash cart or a scalpel. Instead, they need something robust and dependable to keep them safe while they keep others safe. That is when Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) comes in to take the lead. PPE entails breathable materials that inhibit wearers from being exposed to hazardous and infectious fluids. The first and most crucial PPE known to healthcare workers are medical gowns. Medical gowns often referred to as procedure gowns, are critical for personnel working in healthcare facilities and an integral element of any infection control protocol. Moreover, medical gowns are specially designed with various safety features for patients and doctors to wear during surgery or attending to patients. The right type of gown can be the only thing between dangerous and personnel materials, so understanding the different types of medical gowns and their uses is essential. Let’s dive deeper into the different types of medical gowns and how they carry the ability to keep the wearer safe and comfortable.

Surgical Gowns

One of the many different types of medical gowns is surgical gowns. These are made of flexible fabric for maximum protection and are specifically designed to meet the needs of the typical clinical workplace. These standard gowns come in a variety of colors and have fluid-resistant functionalities. Tunnel belts for these gowns are typically made of pure cotton and have extendable straps at the back to adjust the gown to fit your body. Moreover, surgeons and their assistants must wear surgical gowns to avoid contamination and other health problems while operating.

Isolation Gowns

Isolation gowns are specially designed for reliable protection and are breathable fabric. These are lightweight and made of multi-ply PPE gown material. They are available in two weights: lightweight and medium. You can easily adjust the gown to fit your body with neck and waist ties. Because they are polypropylene, these gowns guarantee fluid resistance and low linting.

Disposable Medical Gowns

Disposable gowns belong to isolation gowns but have a different purpose. For example, PPE gowns are typically made of nonwoven substances alone. They are also combined with substances that offer improved protection from liquid diffusions, such as plastic films known as disposal gowns. They can be manufactured using various nonwoven fiber-bonding technologies (mechanical, chemical, or thermal) to provide integrity and resilience. The primary raw materials for disposable medical gowns are synthetic fibers (e.g., polyester, polypropylene, polyethylene). Fabrics can be engineered to have specific properties by using particular fiber types, finishes, and bonding processes.

Cover All Gowns

Healthcare professionals may be required to wear coverall gowns to offer optimum protection against biological fluids. Suppose you work with biological fluids capable of transmitting HIV, AIDS, Ebola, Hepatitis, and other issues. You can protect your skin from direct contact with the liquid by wearing a coverall gown. When it comes to this PPE gown material, plastic or any other waterproof fabric can make the coverall gowns.


These may not be considered gowns, but they do offer the same amount of protection. Aprons are used for a variety of purposes in hospitals and medical facilities. These are especially useful in x-ray rooms and labs to keep healthcare workers safe from the fluid. The standard aprons are the high-quality fabric to allow for maximum comfort and flexibility. Aprons come in various colors and designs, and each hospital can choose a unique apron for their hospital staff. Moreover, these aprons should be kept away from extreme heat because they can damage them.  

How to Choose the Right Medical Gown

When selecting PPE in general, the CDC recommends three key factors to consider:
  • The type of anticipated exposure: sprays, splashes, touch, or large volumes of bodily fluids that could penetrate clothing, as well as the kind of isolation precautions a patient is on.
  • Fit: Personal protective equipment (PPE) must be tailored to the individual user. Employers are responsible for ensuring that all PPE is available in suitable dimensions for their employees.
  • Durability and task suitability: for example, does the task necessitate a gown or a vest; if a gown is chosen, it must be fluid-proof.
  • Patient risks: The level of patient risk determines whether a sterile gown is required or if a hygienic gown is adequate. For isolation, hygienic gowns are typically used. Clean and sanitary gowns are only necessary for invasive surgeries such as central line insertion. A sterile gown would protect both the patient and the healthcare personnel in this situation.
  • Intended use: Medical gowns are generally preferred, but an apron may suffice for procedures where only minor contamination is expected. However, if contamination of the arms is desired, a gown should be chosen. Moreover, gowns should fit comfortably over the body, cover the torso completely, and have long sleeves that fit snugly at the wrist.


So that concludes a brief guide to different medical gown types. More often than not, hospital settings give healthcare workers the option to wear other garments, such as adaptive clothing, underneath gowns to ensure a level of comfort and safety. Moreover, it is essential to thoroughly train new healthcare members to select medical gowns and integrate them into their overall operating procedures. Using PPE gowns correctly is imperative for keeping the staff and patients safe throughout their workdays.

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